We started a container from the dockersamples/visualizer image, we gave it a constraint to run on a manager node and made it available on port 8080. Now if you visit port 8080 on any VM in the browser you’ll get a visual webpage like the one below. A Swarm node acts as both worker and manager by default, the default behavior is to schedule worker containers on manager nodes, too. The role of manager nodes is to manage the cluster; you can execute Swarm management commands on manager nodes. A cluster has to have at least one node that serves as a manager, though for a production setup, three managers are recommended. For this setup, let’s pick the first node and make it the Swarm manager.

docker swarm example

Docker Swarm’s load balancer runs on every node and is capable of balancing load requests across multiple containers and hosts. Anode is an instance of the Docker engine participating in the swarm cluster. One or more nodes can execute on a single physical machine or cloud server. Still, in an actual production swarm environment, we have Docker nodes distributed across multiple physical and cloud machines. As already seen above, we have two types of nodes in Docker Swarm, namely, manager node and worker node.

List services in the stack

This indicates 1/1 containers you asked for as part of your services are up and running. Also, we see that port 8000 on your development machine is getting forwarded to port 3000 in your getting-started container. Swarm provides many tools for scaling, networking, securing and maintaining your containerized applications, above and beyond the abilities of containers themselves. To deploy your application across the swarm, use `docker stack deploy`.

docker swarm example

After you have set up your environment, you are ready to create a swarm. Health– In the event that a node is not functioning properly, this filter will prevent scheduling containers on it. Dependency– When containers depend on each other, this filter schedules them on the same node.

Create a service using an image on a private registry

Prometheus will only discover tasks and service that expose ports. The first role, nodes, represents the hosts that are part of the Swarm. It can be used to automatically monitor the Docker daemons or the Node Exporters who run on the Swarm hosts.

docker swarm example

Docker Machine installed on your local computer, which you’ll use to create three hosts. On Windows and macOS, the Docker installation includes Docker Machine. If you’re running Ubuntu 16.04 locally, see How To Provision and Manage Remote Docker Hosts with Docker Machine on Ubuntu 16.04 for installation instructions. A broad understanding of container concepts like Docker is one of the most critical skills that a DevOps engineer should have.

Without machine

With the new Docker 1.12+, you can actually create services on top of swarm and distribute them, have them HA (+VIP). After reading up on it HERE and HERE, it was evident that this is a pretty simple service, but it wasn’t 100% clear what went where. With that said, here is a very simple Docker Swarm Tutorial with some practical examples. As seen in the above screenshot, we can verify the running of the MySQL container using the ‘docker ps -a’ command that shows an entry of the above container.

  • Docker tries again to deploy the task, possibly on a different worker node.
  • Besides Swarm, there are multiple orchestrator alternatives on the market that you can choose from.
  • Due to Kubernetes’ wide adoption, Docker’s support for Kubernetes grows with every release.
  • Swarm mode uses the concept of “services” to describe container deployments.
  • Dependency– When containers depend on each other, this filter schedules them on the same node.
  • I need high availability also on data volumes , load balancing, etc but I have not spare time to dig into bad/incomplete explained tutorials.

I’ve been meaning to add the using swarm with consul, and secure between docker and swarm, and among swarm clients. Actually, I just use “swarm …” directly, not “docker swarm …”. Because in my company, it relateds to complicated network rules, such as firewall, proxy, etc. So I think now use “swarm” commands directly is enough for me to learm Swarm.

>> NOTE: Please use … to post code/configs in your comment.

The top 4 products considered by most projects are Google’s Kubernetes, Docker Swarm, Mesos and HashiCorp’s Nomad. Docker Swarm is not your only option for container orchestration, it is not even to most popular solution out there. Now that we have seen the key basics of Docker Swarm, let’s have a look at the broader picture of container orchestration solutions.

Your local machine can be running any Linux distribution, or even Windows or macOS. For Windows and macOS, install Docker using the official installer. If you have Ubuntu 16.04 running on your local machine, but Docker is not installed, see How To Install and Use Docker on Ubuntu 16.04 for instructions. The demo shows how to build and deploy a Docker Engine, run Docker commands, and install Docker Swarm.

Remove a service

By default manager nodes also run services as worker nodes, but you can configure them to run manager tasks exclusively and be manager-only nodes. An agent runs on each worker node and reports on the tasks assigned to it. The worker node notifies the manager node of the current state of its assigned tasks so that the manager can maintain the desired state of each worker. When Docker is running in swarm mode, you can still run standalone containers on any of the Docker hosts participating in the swarm, as well as swarm services. A key difference between standalone containers and swarm services is that only swarm managers can manage a swarm, while standalone containers can be started on any daemon.

The swarm manager takes action to match the actual number of replicas to your request, creating and destroying containers as necessary. If you check visualizer now, then you’ll notice that all 6 replicas are still running on the manager node. This is because Docker does not automatically re-distribute containers when a node becomes active after maintenance. The newly activated node will receive new tasks, but the old tasks are not rescheduled automatically. Use the docker service update command to update the configuration of a service.

Swarm mode key concepts and tutorial

Use the docker node ls command to list nodes in the Swarm. Use the docker service logs command to see the logs of a service, the options are similar to the options of docker container logs. We used the docker service scale command before to scale our service. We used the docker service ls command before to list the services in the Swarm. This is the overview of all the services in our Swarm cluster. We are running four replicas of our Node application and one instance of visualizer.